Shoshone land stretches from Death Valley in the Mojave Desert in eastern California to Yellowstone Park in Wyoming. But in 1951 the US started nuclear weapons testing on Western Shoshone territory, at the Nevada Proving Grounds (now known as the Nevada National Security Site). The Shoshone can now lay claim to be the most nuclear-bombed nation on the planet.
Over a period of just over 40 years, there were 928 tests conducted there – around 100 in the atmosphere and more than 800 underground – resulting in nuclear fallout of around 620 kilotons, according to a 2009 study. In comparison, there were 13 kilotons of fallout when Hiroshima was bombed in 1945.
This is obviously a massive health risk and Zabarte, who lives in Las Vegas but runs a healing center at Death Valley, is understandably angry. Although he’s engaging and friendly, a sense of rage regularly creeps into his voice as he becomes more animated about the injustices his people have endured. But he never lapses into self-pity; there’s always a steely aura of defiance.
The Shoshone signed the Treaty of Ruby Valley in 1863, which handed certain rights to the United States. But they did not give up their land. “We wouldn’t have signed a treaty that would end in our ultimate destruction,” Zabarte told RT.
According to the tribe, Washington's testing programme has killed thousands of people, with many since developing a range of cancers and illnesses.
That was until Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt abruptly decided to abandon the agreements. Now Cherokee Nation will assert its treaty rights for Cherokees to hunt and fish on our reservation, and Oklahoma will lose tens of millions of dollars annually.
This year, both Cherokee Nation and Choctaw Nation engaged in good faith negotiations for a renewal of our respective compacts. However, Governor Stitt refused to negotiate for the benefit of all Oklahomans. Instead, he is allowing the compacts to expire at the end of this year. He is backing out even though he had approved extensions in previous years and praised the compacts for advancing conservation, hunting and fishing opportunities.
Why did Governor Stitt abandon the hunting and fishing compact now? Only he knows for sure. The vast majority of state and local leaders in Oklahoma have no problems working with Cherokee Nation.
Prescott, Arizona City Council voted 7-0 to approve the annexation of thousands of acres of land owned by Arizona Eco Development into the city, with the prize being 474 acres of natural open space now under city protection. This culminates a five-year process in which a few caring citizens formed a political action committee, Save the Dells, to achieve this very goal. Save the Dells garnered enormous public support, and through long, sometimes very difficult, negotiations, this date turns out to be the win-win-win successful compromise for Prescott, the people, and the developer. And let’s not forget the thousands of animals that depend on that ecosystem!
President López Obrador has defended the government’s plan to incorporate the federal ecology and climate change agency into the Environment Ministry (Semarnat), asserting that its creation was part of a “looting scheme.”
As part of its austerity drive, the government intends to dismantle the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC) and the Mexican Institute of Water Technology in their current form and incorporate them into Semarnat and the National Water Commission, respectively, according to a draft law seen by the newspaper Milenio.
“It can be concluded that the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources can not only enact and lead policy on matters of natural resources, ecology and climate change but implement it on its own without the necessity of contributory bodies,” the draft law states.
Winter Count, (started 1995), is part of a family of gatherings that strive to reconnect people with old ways of making fire, tanning hides, forming metal, weaving baskets, hunting, gathering and much more. We teach ancestral skills that were essential to the survival and well being of all cultures, no matter what continent your ancestors came from. Through the understanding and mastery of these skills, people find that they can connect not only to a simpler way of living life but also to the roots of their heritage and to a pathway to interact more deeply with the natural world.
We provide a camp with some of the best instructors in their fields, teaching what they have learned through experience, experimentation and through source materials. Some of the instructors have spent many years perfecting their crafts. Some have managed archeological sites while others have lived deeply among the wild places, hunting, raising their own food and making their own clothing and tools from the most basic elements. We are a diverse group of people from many experiences, opinions and family backgrounds, who come together to share what it is that makes us excited about life.